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# Post-Turing computability

English-Chinese computer dictionary (英汉计算机词汇大词典). 2013.

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• Post–Turing machine — The article Turing machine gives a general introduction to Turing machines, while this article covers a specific class of Turing machines. A Post–Turing machine is a program formulation of an especially simple type of Turing machine, comprising a …   Wikipedia

• Computability theory — For the concept of computability, see Computability. Computability theory, also called recursion theory, is a branch of mathematical logic that originated in the 1930s with the study of computable functions and Turing degrees. The field has grown …   Wikipedia

• Turing machine — For the test of artificial intelligence, see Turing test. For the instrumental rock band, see Turing Machine (band). Turing machine(s) Machina Universal Turing machine Alternating Turing machine Quantum Turing machine Read only Turing machine… …   Wikipedia

• Turing completeness — For the usage of this term in the theory of relative computability by oracle machines, see Turing reduction. In computability theory, a system of data manipulation rules (such as an instruction set, a programming language, or a cellular… …   Wikipedia

• Turing degree — Post s problem redirects here. For the other Post s problem , see Post s correspondence problem. In computer science and mathematical logic the Turing degree or degree of unsolvability of a set of natural numbers measures the level of algorithmic …   Wikipedia

• Turing reduction — In computability theory, a Turing reduction from a problem A to a problem B, named after Alan Turing, is a reduction which solves A, assuming B is already known (Rogers 1967, Soare 1987). It can be understood as an algorithm that could be used to …   Wikipedia

• Post's theorem — In computability theory Post s theorem, named after Emil Post, describes the connection between the arithmetical hierarchy and the Turing degrees. Background The statement of Post s theorem requires several concepts relating to definability and… …   Wikipedia

• Turing jump — In computability theory, the Turing jump or Turing jump operator, named for Alan Turing, is intuitively described as an operation that assigns to each decision problem X a successively harder decision problem X prime; with the property that X… …   Wikipedia

• Post correspondence problem — The Post correspondence problem is an undecidable decision problem that was introduced by Emil Post in 1946.[1] Because it is simpler than the halting problem and the Entscheidungsproblem it is often used in proofs of undecidability. Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

• Church–Turing thesis — Church s thesis redirects here. For the constructive mathematics assertion, see Church s thesis (constructive mathematics). In computability theory, the Church–Turing thesis (also known as the Church–Turing conjecture, Church s thesis, Church s… …   Wikipedia

• History of the Church-Turing thesis — This article is an extension of the history of the Church Turing thesis.The debate and discovery of the meaning of computation and recursion has been long and contentious. This article provides detail of that debate and discovery from Peano s… …   Wikipedia